Top 10 Most Dangerous Volcanoes

Looking for the interesting unknown facts about Volcanoes here this article Top 10 Most Dangerous Volcanoes {*Volcanoes of the World*} helps you in clear understanding of volcano types with eruption styles and status about volcanoes.This article explains briefly with Erupted place with country including the year with Potential for devastation.

Top 10 Most Dangerous Volcanoes {*Volcanoes of the World*}

Volcano Types

There exist only three types of volcano,they are

  • Shield Volcano
  • Caldera Volcano
  • Stratovolcano

Eruption Styles

  • Effusive
  • Explosive
  • Highly Explosive

Status about Volcano

  • Dormant
  • Restless
  • Erupting
  • Active

Top 10 Most Dangerous Volcanoes {*Volcanoes of the World*}

10.  Mauna Loa, Hawaii

Last Eruption: 1984

Potential for devastation: Perceived as a gentle giant, however, the potential collapse of its slopes could result in massive landslides causing mega-tsunami which would reach Honolulu within 30 minutes and encroach inland by 16 miles.

 

9.  Taal Volcano, Philippines

Last Eruption: 1997

Potential for devastation: Several million people live within a 12-mile radius of the caldera rim, and its proximity 30 miles south of manila makes it an ongoing threat to 1.6 million residents.

 

8.  Ulawun, Papua New Guinea

Last Eruption: 2003

Potential for devastation: The structural integrity of the volcano is questionable. An eruption could trigger massive slope failure which could destroy hundreds of square kilometers of surrounding land.

 

7.  Mount Nyiragongo, DRC

Last Eruption: 2014

Potential for devastation: A unique threat comes from an active lava lake which is extremely fluid, and combined with steep sides of the volcano. It can gush at speeds of up to 40 mph. The city of Gama on its southern slopes is less than 10 miles away and is home to 1 million people.

 

6.  Mount Merapi, Indonesia

Last Eruption: 2013

Potential for devastation: Feared for its highly explosive Plinian-style eruptions and the resulting deadly pyroclastic flows. Hundreds of villages and tens of thousands of people live less than 4 miles from the city of Yogyakarta is only 17 miles away.

 

5.  Gale bras, Colombia

Last Eruption: 2012

Potential for devastation: Just 5 miles away from the volcano, on its eastern slopes, is the city of pastor with a population of 470,000 people.

 

4.  Sakurajima, Japan

Last Eruption: Ongoing

Potential for devastation: One of the few volcanoes that are at present in a constant state of activity with explosions every 4 to 24 hours. Due to its explosive potential, it is considered dangerous particularly for the 700,000 residents of the city of Kagoshima, 4 miles to the west.

 

3.  Popocatepetl, Mexico

Last Eruption: Ongoing

Potential for devastation: Has the potential to produce major Plinian eruptions accompanied by divesting lahars and pyroclastic flows. Mexico City, home to approximately 9 million people, is only 35 miles from the volcano and the city of Puebla, with 2 million residents, is even closer.

2A.  Mount Vesuvius, Italy

Last Eruption: 1944

Potential for devastation: This is the most densely populated volcanic region with 3 million people living within 9 miles of the summit. You only have to look at the excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum to see the devastation potential.

 

2B.  Campi Flegrei, Italy

Last Eruption: 1538

Potential for devastation: This is 8 miles wide, low-level caldera and its surroundings are home to 1.5 million people with houses built right up to the crater rim; the caldera stretching under the western edge of the city of Naples.

 

Yellowstone, USA

Last Eruption: 1350 BCE

Potential for devastation: Has the potential for super volcanic eruptions with a VEI of 8. It is estimated that such an eruption would kill 87,000 people immediately. Ash would cover much of the western half of North America and wind would carry ash and volcanic gasses around the planet. This would result in a noticeable decrease in temperatures around the globe. Having an untold effect of the world’s food supply.

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